Click here for another insightful student review of a working paper at NEP-HIS Blog. This review is by Alexander Horkan, a final-year PPE student at Queen's University. Alexander reviews a paper by Thor Berger and Kerstin Enflo which looks at the short- and long-term economic impact of railroad development in Sweden. They suggest that railroad development in the nineteenth century shapes the economic geography of present-day Sweden.
As an undergraduate, I was taught about the failure of Herstatt Bank in 1974 and Herstatt risk. This bank was only the 35th largest bank in Germany at the time so why would anyone be interested in studying its failure? Herstatt failed because of its involvement in risky foreign exchange business. When it closed its doors on 26 June 1974, counterparty banks (mainly in New York) had not received dollars due to them because of time-zone differences - this is known as settlement risk. The cross-jurisdictional implications of its failure resulted in the Bank for International Settlements setting up the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and Herstatt's failure was a key reason for the establishment of real-time gross settlements systems, which ensures that payments between two banks are executed in real time. The Bank of England's Ben Norman has an interesting post on Herstatt over at the Bank's new blog ( Bank Underground ). As well as giving an excellent overview of